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At present, the incidence of hypertension among young people around the world is increasing, and more and more young people find that their blood pressure has exceeded the standard through physical examination or self-examination. The number of people with high blood pressure is increasing in young people.

According to statistics, there are more than 300 million hypertensive patients in my country, and they have gradually become younger in recent years. Statistics show that the prevalence of hypertension in residents aged 18 and over exceeds 30%, and the prevalence of hypertension in young men aged 25-34 is as high as 20%.

Ⅰ. Why do young people have high blood pressure?


1. Genetics

The data show that high blood pressure has certain heredity. If both parents have high blood pressure, the incidence of high blood pressure in their children can reach 46%. If one parent has high blood pressure, the incidence of high blood pressure in children is 28%. When parents have normal blood pressure, the incidence of hypertension in children is only 3%.

2. Obese or overweight

Obesity and overweight are also important causes of hypertension in young people. With the improvement of modern people's living standards, the intake of many high-fat and high-calorie foods and the lack of exercise can lead to obesity. However, obesity can easily lead to metabolic disorders, fat accumulation, and hardening of arteries in the body, resulting in increased blood pressure.

3. Bad living habits

Changes in living habits and eating habits are the causes of high blood pressure. Heavy drinking and smoking can cause high blood pressure. Studies have shown that people who have the habit of staying up late are prone to high blood pressure and even stroke. And people who live a regular life and usually go to bed early and get up early have a lower rate of hypertension.


4. A high-salt diet

Among the common factors of hypertension in modern people, high-salt diet is the main reason. Excessive sodium intake in the human body will cause sodium and water retention, resulting in increased blood vessel volume and ultimately increased blood pressure.

5. Life stress

With the development of society, competition is becoming more and more fierce. People who are under the pressure of work and life can't breathe. Excessive pressure will lead to an increase in the secretion of catecholamines in the body. They will cause vasoconstriction, increase blood pressure, and increase the load on the heart, thus becoming the cause of high blood pressure.

6. Lack of exercise

Most young people's work is mainly mental work, sitting in front of the computer for a long time at work, and also using a car after work. Even when they are resting at home, they like to play games online, watch TV series, etc., so the amount of exercise is very small. In the long run, their bodies will become pear-shaped and apple-shaped, which in turn creates hidden dangers for the increase in blood pressure.

Ⅱ. The following symptoms remind you to take your blood pressure in time

Hypertension is known as the "silent killer", and patients with hypertension need early detection and early treatment. For young people, if you have the following symptoms, you should be alert to high blood pressure and measure your blood pressure as soon as possible.

1. Dizziness

Dizziness is the most common symptom of high blood pressure. This type of dizziness lasts for a long time, accompanied by extreme dullness and discomfort, which can seriously affect thinking, work and study.

2. Headache

Headache caused by high blood pressure is a persistent dull pain that can develop into a sharp, bursting pain. The pain areas are mostly in the temples and the back of the head, usually when you wake up in the morning.

3. Irritability, palpitations and insomnia

Irritability and palpitations can lead to insomnia, and insomnia can cause irritability and palpitations. These three symptoms interact with each other and form a vicious circle, which is a common manifestation of hypertensive patients. The reason is that high blood pressure leads to cerebral cortical dysfunction and neurological dysfunction.

4. Decreased vision

If you have unexplained vision loss or blurry vision, you should consider high blood pressure, especially if you have retinopathy on an eye exam.

5. Memory decline

The higher the blood pressure, the more pronounced the symptoms of memory loss. Symptoms are mainly manifested as short-term memory loss, but long-term memory is still clear.

6. Numbness

When high blood pressure develops to a certain period, there will be numbness of limbs, such as inflexibility of fingers and toes. Immediate treatment is required to prevent stroke and hypertensive crisis.

7. Nosebleeds

The increased pressure of blood vessels in the nasal cavity of patients with severe hypertension can lead to epistaxis, and epistaxis is a high-risk signal of cerebral hemorrhage, requiring immediate antihypertensive drugs or treatment.

Ⅲ. How to prevent high blood pressure in life?

An active lifestyle is an important means of preventing hypertension in young and middle-aged people. In addition to effectively lowering blood pressure, lifestyle improvements can also improve the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs and reduce cardiovascular risk. This is especially important for young and middle-aged hypertensive patients.

1. Exercise

Regular exercise can not only promote the body's blood circulation, enhance physical fitness, improve heart and lung function, but also expel the garbage in the blood from the body, so as to protect the blood vessels. Moreover, the weekly exercise time should be kept at least two hours as much as possible to prevent high blood pressure and other diseases.


2. Control your emotions

Young people should pay attention to controlling their emotions and not allow themselves to be in a state of long-term anxiety, tension and irritability. They should also relax more and maintain a good mood in order to effectively control the formation of high blood pressure.

3. Pay attention to your diet

To prevent high blood pressure, you also need to pay attention to your diet. In daily life, young people need to pay attention to eating less food with high content of salt, oil, fat, etc., and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. In addition, young people should pay attention to eating on time, chewing slowly, and not overeating, so as to effectively prevent high blood pressure.

4. Take regular rest

Improper rest is also one of the main factors leading to the formation of high blood pressure. Therefore, young people must pay attention to the combination of work and rest on weekdays, maintain adequate sleep, and develop a good living habit.


5. Regular inspections

In addition to the above matters needing attention, adolescents also need to go to the hospital for regular check-ups or self-examination of blood pressure, so as to fundamentally prevent high blood pressure. Not only high blood pressure, but all diseases are. Only by early detection and early treatment can we get rid of the disease as soon as possible and have a healthy body.

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