One of the most common reasons hospitals use remote patient monitoring services is to expand access to specialty care. Other reasons for using telemedicine include effective postoperative follow-up, lower readmission rates, better medication adherence, and positive nursing outcomes. By increasing access points and reallocating expertise where needed, remote patient monitoring services can address resource disparities and improve health outcomes from pediatric care to geriatric care.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 6 in 10 American adults have a chronic disease. In fact, chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and disability, and a major contributor to the $3.8 trillion in annual healthcare costs in the United States. However, many of these conditions could be prevented and managed more effectively with better patient participation and monitoring.
For example, combining remote blood pressure monitoring with personalized clinical treatment can help diagnose and manage hypertension, and help patients understand risk factors for hypertension. Also, it can reduce long-term risks of heart attack and stroke by encouraging patients to change their lifestyles, and manage patients' medications and treatments to reduce blood pressure. Overall, home remote patient monitoring services help diagnosis and management of hypertension, which are cost-effective and widely available but underutilized.
(1) Pharmaceutical services: It can provide services such as drug review, patient consultation and prescription verification to patients with diabetes, congestive heart failure and other chronic diseases remotely.
(2) Chronic care management: RPM devices can record vital signs such as temperature, heartbeat patterns, pulse, blood pressure and blood sugar levels. It will log the readings into the EHR and wirelessly send alerts to clinicians when readings are outside the normal range.
(3) Telestroke services: It can be used for acute stroke patients and give them access to a limited number of stroke neurologists and targeted therapy to protect brain function and save lives.
(4) Remote ICU tool: It provides intensive 24-hour support for ICU staff and provides optimal care for the most acute patients.
(5) Professional telehealth consultations: Healthcare organizations are providing telemedicine consultations in areas such as dentistry, geriatrics, obstetrics, oncology, ophthalmology, and dermatology to address the challenges in accessing professional medical services such as transportation, qualifications, translation, and cultural competencies.
(6) Diagnostic screening for diabetes and related eye diseases: It is 90% effective in preventing blindness. The use of telemedicine in community health clinics increased the number of diabetic patients receiving eye exams, and 94% of patients are screened by telemedicine while 56% at referral time.
(7) Sleep disorders: Remote patient monitoring services can monitor sleep patterns, body position, and breathing of patients with sleep apnea.
(8) Telepsychiatry: It can help patients who need behavioral health services who might otherwise have to walk hundreds of miles to visit the nearest doctor or choose to wait months for an appointment.